In times of increased globalization and ’europeanization’ scholars put considerable effort into understanding the consequences of immigration for the welfare state. We argue that groups within a society react quite differently to increasing immigration. Citizens with high income are especially likely to withdraw their support for redistribution because they want to prevent higher redistribution to the “out group” of new immigrants. Other parts of the society ask for stronger compensation due to the increased (labour market) risks of immigration. Based on a new survey experiment in three countries, we show that both income as well as labour competition moderate the overall negative effect of increasing migration. While respondents with high income withdraw their support, respondents who face strong labour competition increase their support.